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時間:2022-08-15 來源:本站 點擊:258次
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How a Chinese millennial became an African chief******

With the expansion of Chinese-African cooperation over the last decade, Chinese enterprises have made significant investments in African infrastructure.

Many construction sites there have Chinese workers. The two peoples work and live together and have developed a close friendship. For their outstanding contributions, some Chinese people have even been named "chiefs" by African leaders.

Among all the Chinese who have been given the title of "chief" in Africa, Li Manhu stands out as a "Post-90s" figure.

He is not only the youngest known Chinese "chief," but also the recipient of the Nigerian and Cameroonian "double chief" titles.

Li is only 30 years old, but he has worked in Africa for six years.

Why did he go to Africa? What contribution has he made to Africa earned him the title of "Double Chief"? What kind of special power does he have?

As the 8th FOCAC Ministerial Conference came to an end, a Shanghai Daily reporter reached out to this legendary millennial to learn more about his life.

Ti Gong

Li Manhu in his office.

Searching for the 'African Dream'

Li is a typical young man who studies science and technology. He joined a state-owned enterprise to explore coal mining after graduating from university.

However, in his opinion, the concept of the "stable, life-long job" is meaningless.

"There is no point in living a life like this. So, despite my family's strong opposition, I resigned from my job."

After resigning, Li began to look for more "exciting" work and gave a curriculum to a mine in Nigeria.

The Nigerian company was very welcoming. After some English training, Li flew to Africa in 2015 with his dream in hand.

Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa and one of the African countries with the largest Chinese population. The local government works closely with China.

However, it wasn't until he boarded the plane and flew for more than 10 hours that Li truly felt the vastness of Africa. He was dimly aware of the difficulties that lay ahead.

Ti Gong

Photo with the senior officer of the Nigerian Border Immigration Service.

Nigeria has no winter, only rainy and dry seasons. "I went in January. It was the dry season; the local temperature was more than 30 degrees, but I was wearing a sweater. When I got off the plane, my only feeling was the heat."

Li's first job in Nigeria was to do mineral exploration, which entails living in a mining area for a year in miserable conditions.

There was no local signal, so "communication by shouting, traffic by walking" was his regular life. He also had to sleep in a room with four or more people while suffering from mosquito bites.

In just a few months, Li contracted malaria, developed a high fever, vomited, and suffered for several days. "At the time, I was remorseful for having come here. But when I got better, I forgot about it all and pretended it wasn't a big deal."

He said he never mentioned these things to his family, and when asked, his answer was always "It's fine."

After two years of training, Li joined China Overseas Group (CGCOC GROUP) in 2017 as the office director of the "Cross-border bridge between Nigeria and Cameroon" project.

He has over 200 African workers under him, and he must be concerned about their life, work, and safety. He is also in charge of paying their salaries at the end of each month.

And it was also this bridge project that laid the foundation for Li to earn the title of "Double Chief" later on down the road.

Ti Gong

Li with his bodyguard.

The 'fortunate' Chief I

According to Li Manhu, before the construction of the cross-border bridge, there was only a one-way old bridge connecting Nigeria and Cameroon, which frequently blocked traffic, whereas the construction of the cross-border bridge will greatly improve the two countries' cross-border port traffic congestion, promoting trade and economic development between the two nations.

"The bridge was completed in April this year and is expected to be open to traffic next year," Li exclaimed joyfully.

Throughout his career, Li has developed a close relationship with the local paramount ruler (the king). On the Christmas Eve of 2018, Li was invited by the leader of the Etung local government as a guest to his home, and as he was leaving, the leader told him that he was going to bestow upon him the title of chief.

The king informed Li that the cross-border bridge project had benefited the local community and that he had been appointed chief as a sign of local recognition of the company, and that he would be representing the king in some of the company's future dealings with the local people.

"The chieftaincy title is not only a personal honor but also represents the respect and recognition of the local people for the company's projects," said Li. "In Africa, only foreigners who have made outstanding contributions to the local economy and social development can be awarded the chieftaincy title."

It should be noted that although Nigeria has a modern administrative system, chiefs, as traditional tribal leaders, still enjoy high prestige among the population and are also highly respected by the government, which even consults with local chiefs before making major decisions.

Ti Gong

The chief's white suit and a leopard-print leather hat are presented to Li on the day of the chieftainship.

Ti Gong

On the day of the chieftainship, the local Nigerian government held a grand ceremony and invited members of other tribes to participate. Even neighboring Cameroon sent representatives.

The king bestowed the title "Ntui Ofa 1" on Li, with "Ofa" meaning "fortunate" in the native language, and expressed his hope that the title would bring good fortune to his Chinese friend.

A scepter and the chief's white suit, as well as a leopard-print leather hat, were presented to Li, all of which are typical for chiefs to wear.

Despite the fact that his main title is merely a sign of honor and that he is not involved in the day-to-day business of the local tribe, Li claims that the title has brought him closer to the locals. When he walks down the street dressed as the chief and wielding the scepter, he can sense the people's respectful attention, and some will even approach him to respectfully ask for a blessing.

Ti Gong

Certificate of chieftaincy title given by the Etung local government

What Li didn't expect was that just three months after he became the chief of the Etung local government in Nigeria, he received a letter from the king of the Ekok community in Cameroon.

The Ekok community accepted Li's chieftaincy title in Nigeria, according to the letter, and will arrange a coronation ceremony for him on March 31.

The honor was also conferred because of the cross-border bridge project, according to Li. Because the Etung local government of Nigeria and the Ekok community of Cameroon are "brothers" of the same clan, culture, and language, his chieftaincy title in Cameroon is the same as his chieftaincy title in Nigeria.

But unlike in Nigeria, in Cameroon, Chinese chieftainship requires not only the approval of the king, but also the consent of the local government.

"As far as I know, no Chinese chief has ever served in Cameroon before me."

Ti Gong

Confirmation of the chieftaincy title of Ekok community

Li Yi / SHINE

The African king's 'Chinese prince'

Li recalls the words of Cameroon's king on the day of his enthronement: "When you go back to China, you can tell the Chinese people that you still have a home in Africa."

These are not just "beautiful words." Li has formed strong bonds with the locals over the years in Africa, and his relationship with the king is like "father and son," with the locals even referring to him as the king's "Chinese prince."

"There is no difference between people; as long as you treat them sincerely, they will sense it," Li said.

Ti Gong

Coronation ceremony for Li in Ekok community.

However, due to the pandemic, Li has not been back to Africa since the end of last year. In addition to doing some work at home to help farmers, he also does some live commerce in TikTok, to help his friends sell Chinese wolfberries.

Concerning his TikTok account, Li confessed that he did not like to use this social platform at first, but because his friends always send him funny videos, he downloaded one, tried to share his work and life in Africa, and did not expect to become popular.

Now, Li's TikTok account has more than 500,000 followers, and the highest number of likes on a video has surpassed 400,000.

Li's Tiktok page

He stated that, despite the fact that the pandemic will not be over for some time, he intends to return next year.

"Their coffee and cocoa beans are perfect, and I'd like to go back and try to do live commerce over there as well in hope of driving the local economy."

Li is also keeping an eye on the recently concluded the Eighth Ministerial Conference of The Forum on China-Africa Cooperation.

"I used to work on engineering projects as part of the country's Belt and Road Initiative. Now that the country has put forward a number of good ideas through the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation, and I want to do something practical for the local community through my identity as a chief and promote more cultural and trade exchange between China and Africa."

Li reveals that many people actually leave messages to him via TikTok wanting to learn about Africa and some of the projects Chinese companies are working on there. "China is paying increasing attention to Africa, and many people want to understand the market over there and want to go and break into it. I hope to communicate with them more in the future."

"As a result, the title of the chief is really just the tip of the iceberg for me."

Ti Gong

Li with a local child

即日起雁塔区黑河水厂家属院等12个封控区调节为监管区******

  1月17日零时起,西安雁塔区所辖小寨路街道办吉祥如意社区黑河自来水厂家属楼、电子城街道北沈社区北沈新时代西区等12个封控区调节为监管区。

  这12个住宅小区(或楼幢)包含:

  一、小寨路街道办(5个)。

  吉祥如意社区:黑河自来水厂家属楼、罗家寨村。

  长安大学社区:长安大学校本部南院1区8号楼、10号楼;2区15号楼;3区10号楼、11号楼。

  二、电子城街道(7个)。

  北沈社区:北沈新时代西区。

  电子器件二路社区:中国飞机抗压强度研究室住宅小区。

  太白南路社区:771研究室太白南路家属区。

  太白社区:太白住宅小区。

  唐园社区:唐园小区。

  广结社区:日报社住宅小区。

  二十所社区:导航栏酒店。

  这也是通过西安交大医学院公共卫生服务学校及省市级有关权威专家判断,与此同时达到《西安新冠肺炎肺炎疫情社区防治地区调节计划方案》中调节封控的三个标准,给予调节为监管区。



来源于:碑林区融媒。

编写:张梦瑶萌。

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陕西后续发生聚集性疫情风险较高 争取最短时间实现“社会面清零”******

3月8日15时,陕西省人民政府新闻办公室举办新闻发布会,邀请陕西省卫生健康委副主任马光辉、省疾控中心传染病防治所所长张义出席,通报陕西省疫情防控工作情况并回答记者提问。

划重点:6例初筛阳性待复核均在宝鸡 至少出现3代传播

省卫健委副主任马光辉首先通报了疫情基本情况。3月5日,西安市报告首例本土疫情以来,截止3月8日8时,全省累计报告确诊病例17例,其中西安市15例、宝鸡市1例、汉中市1例。此外,截止3月8日12时,还有6例初筛阳性待复核(均在宝鸡市)。

我省本轮疫情的首例和第二例病例为3月1日乘坐MU2226航班从外省来西安出差人员,测序结果显示,均为奥密克戎变异毒株BA.2进化分支,与外省2022年3月1日报送的本土病例高度同源。3月6日我省接外省通报,2名同样乘坐3月1日MU2226航班来陕出差人员,3月3日返回外省后在当地确诊,这2人中的其中1人在西安市粤珍轩餐厅、小杨烤肉店与我省人员共同就餐,3月7日以来,西安、宝鸡、汉中等地与外省病例同桌就餐、同餐厅就餐人员、同烤肉店服务员工、富力希尔顿酒店同时空交集人员等相继确诊,并进一步造成家庭成员感染,表现出高度的场所聚集性、家庭聚集性,传播链条明确。

虽然我省本轮疫情传染源头和传播链条均较为明确,但奥密克戎变异毒株BA.2进化分支的传播速度更快、传染力更强,从首例病例报告到现在已至少出现3代传播,并蔓延至我省西安、宝鸡、汉中3市和山西省,后续发生聚集性疫情的风险较高,防控任务非常艰巨。

划重点:全市已封(管)控高危场所201个 590万人均阴性

本轮疫情发生以来,我省提级指挥,迅速落实密接追踪、区域管控、大规模核酸检测、跨区协查、医疗救治等防控措施,严防疫情进一步扩散和外溢。

全力追踪密接次密接,3月8日12时,省内已管控密接4922人,次密接11791人,两者共计16713人,均已落实管控。目前所确诊的感染者,除1人主动就诊发现外,其余均在密接、次密接人员中发现。

疫情发生后,西安市自3月5日开始在重点区域开展扩大范围核酸筛查。省卫委迅速从省内抽调检测力量和人员,支援西安等疫情发生地的核酸检测工作。3月7日凌晨起对西安市主城区开展更大范围的核酸筛查,已采样 892万人,已出结果590万人,均为阴性。

重点场所管控情况。目前西安市已划定8个中风险地区,全市已封(管)控高危场所201个,共计85889人。已对1641个高危场所进行消杀消毒,累计消杀面积420.54万平方米。

医疗救治情况。协调省人民医院、交大一院、交大二院组建重症救治预备队,并在省级医疗救治专家组的基础上,结合奥密克戎变异毒株感染者临床特点,抽调全省优质医疗资源,调整补充省级医疗救治专家组。截止目前,15例确诊病例收治在西安市胸科医院,1例收治在宝鸡市中心医院,1例收治在汉中市中心医院,其中轻型16例,普通型1例。

划重点:呼吁非必要不外出不聚集

下一步将进一步加大工作力度,做到快速流调、快速管控、快速检测、快速协查,争取在最短时间内实现“社会面清零”,全力确保我省社会经济形势安全平稳。

呼吁广大市民积极响应政府号召,配合各项防控措施,非必要不外出,不聚集,做好个人防护。人群密集场所特别是大中小学校和幼儿园,要确保校园相对隔离独立,加强门禁管理,减少与外界的联系。如果与确诊病例活动轨迹有交集,应第一时间向所在社区(村)、单位报备,尤其接到防疫人员电话时,要积极配合。通过共同努力,尽快实现“动态清零”的目标。

划重点:共同聚餐成为主要传播方式

陕西本轮疫情传播有什么特点,需要提醒公众注意什么?省疾控中心传染病防治所所长张义介绍说,陕西本轮疫情确诊病例已经达到 17 例,均为外省某感染者的密切接触者和次密切接触者,其中2例为与其同航班来陕人员,13 例为与其同餐厅、酒店密接被感染,然后又传播给2名家属,共同聚餐已成为本轮疫情的主要传播方式,餐厅成为主要传播场所。在这里再次提醒大家,这次的奥密克戎BA2亚型传染性很强,传播速度很快,餐厅场所相对密闭,人员聚集且停留时间较长,就餐时又无法佩戴口罩,常常边就餐边交谈,极易引起病毒在人群之间传播。因此,建议大家在疫情期间尽量避免聚餐聚会。

划重点:要高度重视校园疫情防控 严防病毒传入学校

张义介绍说,上一轮西安市德尔塔新冠肺炎疫情引发各级各类学校聚集性疫情多达7起,校园新冠肺炎疫情的特点为传播速度快,持续时间长,累积病例多,控制难度大。近期外省奥密克戎校园聚集性疫情展示了更快的传播速度,如山东莱西疫情,短短5天时间已累积报告100余例,吉林省吉林市多所学校也发生了疫情。且奥密克戎毒株BA2亚型对小年龄组人群的侵袭力明显增强。

因此,建议各级政府和教育部门要高度重视校园疫情防控工作,制定各项防疫措施与应急预案,严防病毒传入学校。

有疫情发生的地市,要组织专家对各级各类学校开展风险研判,对有感染风险的学校,该停课的停课、该封校的封校,严防疫情在校园内发生和扩散。学校要对师生员工开展症状监测和核酸检测,及时发现传染源,严格落实各项防控措施。

华商报记者 李琳


来源:华商网-华商报

编辑:方正

陕西确诊两名上海游客毒株型别为德尔塔 德尔塔病毒有六大特点******

  截至10月22日,本轮“西北游”疫情相关病例已涉及十个省市区,累计确诊病例达95例之多。

  10月17日凌晨,陕西省疾控中心接到病例1闫某和病例2姜某的标本后,立即复核并第一时间启动病毒全基因组测序工作。18日凌晨1时完成测序,鉴定毒株型别为德尔塔。本轮疫情前,陕西本土病例中无德尔塔毒株型别,病例1、2与近期我省接收的境外输入病例的病毒基因组同源性较低,无关联性。

  18日测序结果上报国家疾控中心后,经初步比对分析,认定该变异株与同期内蒙古二连浩特疫情、新疆霍尔果斯疫情的毒株无关联性,为一轮新的疫情。

  同时,病例1的病毒全基因组序列被确定为本次疫情的参考序列,为其他疫情相关省份提供溯源依据。后续18日确诊的“旅行团”中另外5份病例标本的测序业已完成并上报国家疾控中心,22日确诊的3例标本的测序工作正在进行。

  对所有输入病例和本土疫情中首发或者早期的病例开展基因测序,是加强疫情监测的重要内容之一。其主要目的是及时发现和分析感染来源,通过动态地监测病毒变异的情况,为后续调整防控政策等提供科学的依据。

  自新冠疫情暴发以来,截至目前陕西省疾控中心已完成35例本土病例及263例境外输入病例的基因测序。溯源工作的稳步推进为我省疫情防控政策措施的制定提供了有力的技术支撑。华商报记者 李琳

  传播速度快 传染性强 病毒载量高……

  德尔塔病毒有六大特点

  德尔塔(Delta)是新冠病毒变异毒株,其可怕之处就在于传播速度快,传染性增强,病毒载量高,而且感染德尔塔病毒后,早期症状不典型,有患者早期不发热、不咳嗽,仅表现出乏力,嗅觉障碍,轻度肌肉酸痛等不典型症状。

  传播速度快:主要是它的潜伏期和传代间隔都有所缩短,大概平均缩短了1-2天。过去潜伏期我们知道大概是5-6天,现在大概是4天多。它的传代间隔过去是四五天,现在变成了3天左右。最快甚至24小时即可发病,10天可传五六代。

  传染性增强:德尔塔病毒和其他病毒株比起来,传播率增加了近一倍。传染力也比以前的流行毒株增加了一倍。

  病毒载量高:研究发现,德尔塔毒株感染者的病毒载量比原始毒株感染者最多高了1260倍,患病者呼出的气体毒性非常大,感染者样本检测显示病毒载量有显著增加。

  症状不典型:有患者早期不发热、不咳嗽,仅表现出乏力,嗅觉障碍,轻度肌肉酸痛等不典型症状。

  治疗时间长:患者核酸“转阴”时间所需延长,患者比较容易发展成重症、危重症,且转为重症、危重症的时间提前。

  密接者概念改变:过去的密接概念是,感染者发病前2天的家人、同办公室的同事,1米之内同吃饭、开会的人,均属于密切接触者。而针对德尔塔变异株,在同一空间、同一单位、同一建筑,与感染者发病前4天曾经相处的,都是密接者。华商报记者 李琳

  “游客混检有问题”未及时通报西安

  甘肃卫健委称要吸取“嘉峪关教训”

  但甘肃卫健委官网随后又删除了这句话

  10月22日晚间,甘肃省卫健委官网发布消息称,当日,甘肃省卫健委召开新冠肺炎疫情调度会议。甘肃省卫健委主任郭玉芬指出,一是要立刻紧张起来。二是流调要提前领跑。三是核酸采样要规范迅速。四是做到逢阳必报。要吸取嘉峪关在上海旅行团核酸检测混检出现问题后,未及时向甘肃省卫健委及西安市通报的教训。对所有混检有问题的样本结果必须及时精准上报,要以高度负责的态度做好核酸检测工作。五是做好隔离管控工作。六是要及时准确上报信息。

  但是23日,这篇文章中关于“要吸取嘉峪关在上海旅行团核酸检测混检出现问题后,未及时向省卫健委及西安市通报的教训”这句话被删掉了。

  嘉峪关市新冠肺炎疫情联防联控领导小组办公室曾通报称,陕西省通报2名核酸检测结果为阳性游客,于10月14日16时左右由内蒙古额济纳旗自驾到达嘉峪关;10月15日17时30分,嘉峪关市中医院10∶1混检结果为可疑阳性,遂联系相关10人速到医院采样复检,但2人已到西安。另外8人到医院采样后,当晚21时复核结果全部为阴性。21时40分嘉峪关市疾控中心工作人员电话联系上2人后要求其在当地尽快尽早做核酸检测,并以电话询问的方式持续追踪其检测结果。

  10月16日上午8时15分,两人前往西安市第八医院进行核酸采样检测,随后在检测报告未出来的情况下,前往大雁塔、大雁塔北广场、大慈恩寺游玩,在外就餐后中午返回酒店休息。综合澎湃等

  陕西

  公布首批200余家24小时核酸检测机构

  10月23日,陕西省卫健委发布了陕西省提供24小时核酸检测服务医疗机构名单(第一批)》名单,包括陕西省人民医院在内200余家医疗机构,请需要者就近前往检测。(具体名单可登录陕西省卫健委官网查询)华商报记者 李琳

  内蒙古

  疫情防控不力

  额济纳旗问责多人

  23日,中共额济纳旗委员会发布通报,三起问题被通报:自10月17日额济纳旗发生本土新冠肺炎疫情以来,在旗委、政府对疫情防控工作三令五申的情况下,一些部门单位、党员干部和工作人员中仍存在对疫情防控工作置若罔闻、履职不力、落实防控措施不到位等问题,影响防控工作大局。

  一、额济纳旗卫生健康委员会相关责任人履行疫情防控责任不到位的问题。曲江辉被免去党组书记,提名免去主任职务,并由纪委监委追责。另有一个副主任被免职,一个副主任被通报批评。二、额济纳旗公安局樊建勇、焦佳、谢宗龙失职失责,额济纳旗人民医院落实疫情防控责任不到位的问题。三、额济纳旗民政局落实疫情防控措施不到位的问题。据央视新闻

  北京

  夫妻俩发烧39℃ 还邀朋友打牌

  两口子和两个牌友都确诊了

  10月23日,北京市召开新闻发布会,北京市疾控中心副主任庞星火介绍,10月22日12时至23日11时,新增3例京外关联本地新冠肺炎确诊病例。

  本起疫情涉及自驾游旅行团共5人,目前已全部确诊。旅行团中的1名成员于10月15日即出现发热症状,体温最高达39℃,自行用药后症状未缓解,持续间断发热,其妻子于10月19日也出现发热至39℃,两人均未到正规医疗机构发热门诊就医,且发病后先后两次邀请朋友到家中打牌,目前共同打牌的朋友中已有2人确诊。据四川观察

  >>管控

  文旅部紧急通知

  严控旅游团队规模

  暂停旅游专列业务

  文化和旅游部办公厅23日晚发布关于从严从紧抓好文化和旅游行业疫情防控工作的紧急通知。通知要求,严格执行跨省旅游经营活动管理“熔断”机制,严格控制旅游团队规模,即日起暂停经营旅游专列业务。

  通知表示,从严从紧落实旅行社疫情防控要求。一是严格做好外防输入工作。旅行社及在线旅游企业不得经营出入境团队旅游和“机票+酒店”业务,不得以任何形式搞变通。二是严格执行跨省旅游经营活动管理“熔断”机制。对出现中高风险地区的省(区、市),立即暂停旅行社及在线旅游企业经营该省(区、市)跨省团队旅游及“机票+酒店”业务,并第一时间向社会公布。三是暂停经营旅游专列业务。旅行社及在线旅游企业要严格控制旅游团队规模,即日起暂停经营旅游专列业务。

  通知指出,从严从紧落实A级旅游景区疫情防控要求。从严从紧落实星级饭店疫情防控要求。从严从紧落实文化和娱乐场所疫情防控要求。

  据悉,包括同程旅行、携程等在线旅游平台日前已相继发布中高风险地区退改政策。 据中新

  国家专家组已进入甘肃查房会诊

  立刻管控在甘旅行团活动

  甘肃省政府新闻办公室23日召开疫情防控工作新闻发布会,甘肃省新冠肺炎疫情联防联控领导小组办公室副主任、甘肃省政府副秘书长梁朝阳表示,目前甘肃省所有确诊病例全部在定点医院集中隔离治疗,国家专家组和甘肃省专家组已进入省级定点救治医院病区查房会诊、指导治疗。

  据梁朝阳介绍,本轮疫情以来,截至10月22日24时,甘肃省共有确诊本土病例35例。目前,甘肃省各市州均已确定1家救治医院,储备1家后备救治医院。

  另外,甘肃省新冠肺炎疫情联防联控领导小组10月22日下午召开调度会,国务院联防联控机制综合组甘肃工作组组长、国家卫生健康委副主任雷海潮强调,要立刻管控在甘各类旅行团组活动,就近就地观察,集中上门开展核酸检测。

  雷海潮还强调,要对有高风险点位旅居史的人员立即进行管控,发送信息提示立即进行核酸检测。要做到“逢阳必报、逢阳即报、接报即查”,争抢时间、跑在病毒前面,抓紧处置、抓紧救治。

  调度会传达了国务院副总理孙春兰在全国新冠肺炎疫情防控工作电视电话会议上的讲话精神,安排部署贯彻落实工作,听取疫情防控进展情况。

  当前,甘肃兰州、张掖、嘉峪关、天水、陇南等发现确诊病例的地区,已迅速进入紧急状态,采取坚决果断措施,加强人员、车辆管控,暂时关闭所有旅游景区景点、影剧院等场所,落实网格化管理等措施,最大限度减少人员流动,防止交叉感染。甘肃其他市州也严格落实落细疫情防控措施,加大排查管控力度,加强疫情监测报告。综合新华社等

  >>预防

  第三针疫苗注射6个月后

  多数还保持阳性滴度

  国产灭活疫苗对新冠病毒尤其是德尔塔变异株是否具有保护作用?注射“加强针”效果如何?记者就此采访了北京协和医院呼吸内科主任医师徐凯峰。

  “已发表的广州数据表明,注射过国产灭活疫苗的人群具有更强的预防作用。和没有接种过疫苗的人群相比,注射过新冠疫苗人群的德尔塔新冠感染危险只有0.25(0.09~0.68),也就是感染风险降低了75%左右,疫苗有效率约70%。”徐凯峰介绍,对重症或危重症的人群进行分析发现,重症或危重症均发生在没有注射过新冠疫苗的人群中。这说明国产疫苗不仅对新冠病毒(包括德尔塔变异株)有效,而且对预防重症的效果尤其突出。“对于还在犹豫、观望、尚未注射新冠疫苗的读者,请尽早安排疫苗接种,绝大部分慢性疾病患者都不存在注射的禁忌。”徐凯峰说。

  徐凯峰表示,灭活疫苗在注射后,虽然可以达到很好的阳性率和保护作用,但研究发现,6个月后,抗体滴度和注射后相比,均有显著下降(阳性率下降至16%~35%)。“新冠疫苗并非一劳永逸,确实需要注射加强针。第三针并非简单重复,抗体反应滴度高时间久。”徐凯峰介绍,为了探讨如何打好第三针,科兴疫苗分4组进行对比研究,发现2剂注射后6个月左右,抗体滴度明显下降,但第3剂之后抗体滴度可以迅速升到高水平。另外,第三针注射6个月后,多数还保持阳性滴度,抗体阳性率为61%~66%。“可以预见,注射第3剂,不仅可以获得更高的抗体滴度,在随后的6个月中可望保持较高的阳性水平。”徐凯峰说。

  目前,第三针疫苗的研究主要在同一产品或相同技术路线的产品中开展,第三针新冠疫苗是否可以采用不同技术路线的疫苗,还有待进一步研究。据《光明日报》

  截至10月23日16时

  全国共有2个高风险地区 11个中风险地区

  2个高风险地区

  北京

  昌平区北七家镇宏福苑社区

  内蒙古

  阿拉善盟额济纳旗达来呼布镇

  11个中风险地区

  内蒙古(4个)

  锡林郭勒盟二连浩特市锡林社区

  锡林郭勒盟二连浩特市西城社区

  锡林郭勒盟二连浩特市额仁社区

  阿拉善盟阿拉善左旗巴彦浩特镇新华街道

  贵州(2个)

  遵义市汇川区仁和苑小区

  遵义市汇川区东方湘江湾小区

  甘肃(2个)

  兰州市城关区云祥小区

  兰州市城关区雁北路天庆丽舍小区

  宁夏(3个)

  银川市金凤区森林半岛小区

  银川市兴庆区太阳都市花园小区

  银川市西夏区物华兴洲苑小区 据央视新闻


来源:华商网-华商报

编辑:唐港

国家统计局:中国7月城镇调查失业率5.4%

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